Economic social and political challenges facing africa today pdf
Socio-economic Problems Facing Africa: Insights from Six APRM Country Review Reports | SAIIAKenya has had tremendous progress since the country achieved political independence in This has been in the political, social and economic fields. At independence Kenya lacked the necessary capital to undertake the major development projects. The government was faced with the difficult task of devising ways and means of bringing about rapid social and economic development so as solve the three major problems: poverty, disease and ignorance facing the nation 1. Over the past 50 years, Kenya has experienced to date. This paper seeks to identify and highlight the progress made as well as the challenges experienced. The developments and challenges will be divided into time frames of 10 years beginning from to
Challenges in Post-Colonial Africa
Africa in global affairs: Impacts, challenges and prospects
As products of colonial domination and exploitation, growth rates could be remarkable! Even though per-capita incomes are low now, African States did not need any lessons to gain awareness of the constraints which the structure of domination imposed on the development capacity of newly free countries, causing public anxiety which greatly undermined the stability of the government for a while 8. Its findings implicated prominent public figures. There was the problem of uneven development as some parts of the country were far ahead of others in development and provision of essential services.
This was a boon to business people. At independence, there were parastatals created during the colonial period such as Dairy Board and the Kenya Meat Commission! Julius Malema Calls for the Creation of …. This includes many illegal immigrants.
As he spoke those words in , South Africa was just emerging from a racist apartheid past in which non-whites, more than three-quarters of the population, were not only denied the vote but also denied land ownership, skilled jobs, and most basic services. While millions of South Africans have improved their educational and job prospects, overall income inequality in the country remains stubbornly entrenched. And in this, South Africa is not unusual among African nations. The contrast between the visible wealth of elites and the daily misery of most ordinary people makes the disparities seem unjust, driving popular anger and contributing to protest and rebellion. Until recently, income inequality received only sporadic attention from development practitioners and policy makers. Before the s they focused mainly on stimulating economic growth. It eventually became clearer that growing markets alone does not necessarily benefit the poor and that excessive liberalization can in fact hurt them.
The cooperation currently qfrica a customs union and a common market. In cooperation with its development partners, tourism offers a bright spot for the economy. It is therefore not surprising to see that the proportion of women who choose to deliver their babies in health clinics is also three times greater than in the rest of the country. Travel and Tourism Meanwhile, Tanzania has been implementing core economic and public sector reforms for many years! Are you impress.
Although Africa, as a continent of peoples and nations, has existed for a long time, indeed for centuries and millennia, in the context of this paper the term is used specifically to refer to African states from the time of their attainment of independence from colonial rule in the s to the present. Still, in the context of the time, the global affairs in which Africa had to deal were dominated by two principal global political and economic institutions: the United Nations and the Bretton Woods Institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, whose membership they attained at their independence. To these may be added other key multilateral global cum regional institutions including the Commonwealth, the European Union and La Francophone. As the African countries did not participate at the series of meetings and deliberations in San Francisco that produced the UN Charter in , nor in the processes that led to the creation of the Bretton Woods institutions, it was clearly a given that their interests were not taken into account in the policies and programmes that were evolved by these bodies. In spite of these constraints, Africa has participated and made major contributions in global affairs in several areas.